Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV)

What is Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo?

BPPV is the most common cause of vertigo or dizziness. Symptoms consist of brief episodes of spinning lasting less than 30 seconds that occur when an individual lies down in bed, sits up from bed, rolls over in bed, or tilts the head forward or backward.

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How is Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo diagnosed?

If the condition is not resolving spontaneously, treatment can include a procedure to reposition the otoliths within the inner ear, called an Epley maneuver. This procedure can be done in the otolaryngologist’s office. The calcium deposits are repositioned in the inner ear through a series of head movements. This allows the otoliths to settle into an inert position in the inner ear. Occasionally the Epley maneuver may need to be repeated in order to be fully effective.

Although BPPV is a benign condition, other types of vertigo can represent more serious underlying inner ear or neurological conditions. All vertigo should be evaluated by a physician to differentiate between benign and more serious causes of dizziness.

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